JAVACHEFF, Christo

(1935-XX), Bulgaria/USA
Also well-known as: Christo & Jeanne-Claude
  • Name: JAVACHEFF, Christo Vladimirov
  • Born: 1935, Gabrovo, Bulgaria
Language:    
Javacheff (Javacev) Christo has become known for "wrapping" famous buildings and geographical landmarks with plastic and woven-fabric sheets. His projects, usually with the assistance of his wife and dealer Jeanne-Claude.

Christo: American, Bulgarian-born Christo Vladimirov Javacheff, June 13, 1935, Gabrovo, of a Bulgarian industrialist family.
Jeanne-Claude: American, French-born Jeanne-Claude Marie Denat, June 13, 1935, Casablanca, of a French military family, educated in France and Switzerland. Died November 18, 2009, New York City.

1952
Jeanne-Claude: Baccalauréat in Latin and Philosophy, University of Tunis.

1953-56
Christo: Studies at Fine Arts Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria.

1957
Christo: Studies one semester at Fine Arts Academy, Vienna, Austria.

1958
Christo arrives in Paris where he meets Jeanne-Claude.
Packages and Wrapped Objects.

1960
Birth of their son, Cyril, May 11.

1961
Project for a Wrapped Public Building.
Stacked Oil Barrels and Dockside Packages, Cologne Harbor, 1961. Rolls of paper, oil barrels, tarpaulin and rope. Duration: two weeks. Christo and Jeanne-Claude's first collaboration.

1962
Wall of Oil Barrels – The Iron Curtain, Rue Visconti, Paris, 1961-62. 89 barrels. Height: 13.7 feet (4.2 meters). Width: 13.2 feet (4 meters). Depth: 2.7 feet (0.5 meters). Duration: eight hours.
Stacked Oil Barrels, Gentilly, near Paris, France.
Wrapped Woman.

1963
Show Cases.

1964
Store Fronts and Show Windows.
Establishment of permanent residence in New York City.

1966
Air Package, Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 1966. Rubberized canvas balloon, polyethylene, rope and steel cables. Diameter: 17 feet (5.2 meters). Duration: one month.
42,390 Cubic Feet Package, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1966. Length: 60 feet (18.3 meters). Diameter: 25 feet ( 7.6 meters). Height: 32 feet (9.8 meters). Polyethylene: 8,000 square feet (740 square meters). Manila rope: 3,000 feet (914 meters). Duration: two days.

1968
Wrapped Fountain and Wrapped Medieval Tower, Spoleto, Italy, 1968. Polyethylene and rope. Duration: three weeks.
Wrapped Kunsthalle, Bern, 1967-68. Polyethylene: 16,156 square feet (2,430 square meters). Nylon rope: 1.9 miles (3 kilometers). Duration: one week.
5,600 Cubicmeter Package, documenta IV, Kassel, 1967-68. Height: 280 feet (85 meters). Six concrete foundations arranged in a 920 feet (280 meters) diameter circle. Fabric: 21,528 square feet (2,000 square meters). Rope: 11,482 feet (3,500 meters). Weight: 7 tons. Duration: two and a half months.
Corridor Store Front. Total area: 1,450 square feet (135 square meters).
1,240 Oil Barrels Mastaba and Wrapped Hay, Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1969
Wrapped Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, 1968-69. Tarpaulin: 10,000 square feet (930 square meters). Manila rope: 4,000 feet (1,219 meters). Duration: one and a half months.
Wrapped Floor and Stairway, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago. House painter’s cotton drop cloths: 2,800 square feet (260 square meters). Duration: one and a half months.
Wrapped Coast, One Million Square Feet, Little Bay, Sydney, Australia, 1968-69. Erosion Control fabric: 1,000,000 square feet (92,900 square meters). Rope: 35 miles (56.3 kilometers). Length: 1.5 miles (2.4 kilometers). Height: 85 feet (26 meters). Duration: two months.

1970
Wrapped Monuments, Milano, Italy, 1970: Wrapped Monument to Vittorio Emanuele II, Piazza del Duomo. Polyethylene and rope. Duration: one day. Wrapped Monument to Leonardo da Vinci, Piazza della Scala. Polyethylene and rope. Duration: two days.

1971
Wrapped Floor, Wrapped Stairs, Covered Windows and Wrapped Walk Ways, Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld, Germany, 1971. House painter's cotton drop cloths and brown wrapping paper. Duration: 50 days.

1972
Valley Curtain, Rifle, Colorado, 1970-72. Width: 1,250 feet (381 meters) and a height curving from 365 feet (111 meters) at each end to 182 feet (55.5 meters) at the center. Nylon polyamide fabric: 200,200 square feet (18,600 square meters). Steel cables: 61 tons. Concrete: 864 tons. Duration: 28 hours.

1974
The Wall – Wrapped Roman Wall, Via Veneto and Villa Borghese, Rome, Italy, 1973-74. Woven polypropylene fabric and Dacron rope. Height: 49 feet (15 meters). Length: 820 feet (250 meters). Depth: varying between 13 to 18 feet (4.3 to 5.5 meters). Duration: 40 days.
Ocean Front, Newport, Rhode Island, 1974. Width: 420 feet (128 meters), Length: 320 feet (97.5 meters). Polypropylene fabric: 150,000 square feet (13,935 square meters) floating over the ocean. Duration: 8 days.

1976
Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76. 18 feet (5.5 meters) high, 24.5 miles (39.4 kilometers) long, crossing 14 roads. 2,050 fabric panels: 2,152,780 square feet (200,000 square meters) of woven nylon fabric. 90 miles (145 kilometers) of steel cables. 2,050 steel poles, each: 3.5 inch (8.9 cm) in diameter, 21 feet (6.4 meters) high. Duration: 14 days.

1977
The Mastaba, Project for the United Arab Emirates. In progress.

1978
Wrapped Walk Ways, Jacob Loose Park, Kansas City, Missouri, 1977-78. Woven nylon fabric: 135,000 square feet (12,540 square meters) over 2.7 miles (4.4 kilometers) of walkways. Duration: 14 days.

1983
Surrounded Islands, Biscayne Bay, Greater Miami, Florida, 1980-83. Pink woven polypropylene fabric: 6.5 million square feet (603,870 square meters) floating around eleven islands. Duration: 14 days.

1984
Wrapped Floors and Stairways and Covered Windows, Architekturmuseum, Basel, Switzerland. House painter’s cotton drop cloths and brown wrapping paper. Duration: 17 days.

1985
The Pont Neuf Wrapped, Paris, 1975-85. Woven polyamide fabric: 454,178 square feet (40,876 square meters). Rope: 8 miles (13 kilometers). Duration: 14 days.

1991
The Umbrellas, Japan-USA, 1984-91. 1,340 blue umbrellas in Ibaraki, Japan. 1,760 yellow umbrellas in California, USA. Each umbrella: Height: 19 ⅔ feet (6 meters). Diameter: 28 ½ feet (8 ⅔ meters). Valley size in Japan: Length: 11.8 miles (19 kilometers). Width: 2.5 miles (4 kilometers). Valley size in USA: Length: 18 miles (29 kilometers). Width: 2.5 miles (4 kilometers). Duration: 18 days.

1992
Over The River, Project for the Arkansas River, State of Colorado. In progress.

1995
Wrapped Floors and Stairways and Covered Windows, Museum Würth, Künzelsau, Germany. House painter’s cotton drop cloths and brown wrapping paper. Duration: three months.
Wrapped Reichstag, Berlin, 1971-95. Polypropylene fabric with aluminum surface: 1,076,390 square feet (100,000 square meters). Rope: 9.7 miles (15.6 kilometers). Duration: 14 days.

1998
Wrapped Trees, Fondation Beyeler and Berower Park, Riehen, Switzerland, 1997-98. 178 trees. Woven polyester fabric: 592,015 square feet (55,000 square meters). Rope: 14.3 miles (23 kilometers). Duration: 23 days.

1999
The Wall – 13,000 Oil Barrels, Gasometer, Oberhausen, Germany, 1998-99. Height: 85 feet (26 meters). Width: 223 feet (68 meters). Depth: 23.7 feet (7.23 meters). Duration: six months.

2005
The Gates, Central Park, New York City, 1979-2005. 7,503 vinyl gates, with free-flowing nylon fabric panels, anchored to 15,006 steel bases on 23 miles (37 kilometers) of walkways. Duration: 16 days.

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Signature by: JAVACHEFF, Christo 1969
Signature by: JAVACHEFF, Christo 1971
Signature by: JAVACHEFF, Christo 1980
Signature by: JAVACHEFF, Christo 1987
Signature by: JAVACHEFF, Christo 1989
Signature by: JAVACHEFF, Christo 1990
Signature by: JAVACHEFF, Christo 1991
Signature by: JAVACHEFF, Christo 2005
Signature by: JAVACHEFF, Christo
Signature by: JAVACHEFF, Christo
Signature by: JAVACHEFF, Christo
Signature by: JAVACHEFF, Christo ”Christo & Jeanne-Claude”