MIRO, Joan

(1893-1983), Spain/France
  • Name: MIRO, Joan
  • Born: 1893, Barcelona, Spain
  • Died: 1983, Spain

Language:       
Joan Miró i Ferrà (April 20,1893 – December 25,1983) was a world renowned Spanish Catalan painter, sculptor, and ceramist who was born in the sea port city of Barcelona.

Miro was the son of a watchmaking father and a goldsmith mother, he was exposed to the arts from a very young age. There have been some drwaings recovered by Miro dating to 1901, when he was only 8 years old. Miro enrolled at the School of Industrial and Fine Arts in Barcelona until 1910; during his attendance he was taught by Modest Urgell and Josep Pascó.

After overcoming a serious bout of typhoid fever in 1911, Miro decided to devote his life entirely to painting by attending the school of art taught by Francesc Galí. He studied at La Lonja School of Fine Arts in Barcelona, and in 1918 set up his first individual exhibition in the Dalmau Galleries, in the same city. His works before 1920 (the date of his first trip to Paris) reflect the influence of different trends, like the pure and brilliant colors used in Fauvism, shapes taken from cubism, influences from folkloric Catalan art and Roman frescos from the churches.

His trip to Paris introduced him to and developed his trend of surrealist painting. In 1921, he showed his first individual exhibition in Paris, at La Licorne Gallery. In 1928, he exhibited with a group of surrealists in the Pierre Gallery, also in Paris, although Miró was always to maintain his independent qualities with respect to groups and ideologies.
From 1929-1930, Miró began to take interest in the object as such, in the form of collages. This was a practice which was to lead to his making of surrealist sculptures. His tormented monsters appeared during this decade, which gave way to the consolidation of his plastic vocabulary. He also experimented with many other artistic forms, such as engraving, lithography, water colors, pastels, and painting over copper. What is particularly highlighted from this period, are the two ceramic murals which he made for the UNESCO building in Paris (The Wall of the Moon and the Wall of the Sun, 1957-59).

It was at the end of the 60´s when his final period was marked and which lasted until his death. During this time, he concentrated more and more on monumental and public works. He was characterized by the body language and freshness with which he carried out his canvasses, as well as the special attention he paid to material and the stamp he received from informalism. He concentrated his interest on the symbol, not giving too much importance to the representing theme, but to the way the symbol emerged as the piece of work. Miro had a very eccentric style that is the embodiment of his unique approach to his artwork.

In 1976 the Joan Miró Foundation Centre of Contemporary Art Study was officially opened in the city of Barcelona and in 1979, four years before his death, he was named Doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Barcelona.

Source: joanmiro.com
Miro, Juan (1893-1983), spansk målare, grafiker och skulptör. Verksam i Paris och Barcelona, där han har eget museum. Från en föreställande bildvärld nådde Miro 1924 fram till ett nästan abstrakt måleri, en bildskrift med figurala tecken i rytmiska figurationer. Han arbetar främst med symboler och associationer från det undermedvetna. De spelas ut i djärva konstraster i rena och mättade färger, där det svarta har en stor betydelse. I början av 30-talet kulminerar lekfullheten, samtidigt som färgen får en större och kraft och spänning. Miros grafiska produktion är stor och imponerande, där han har arbetat med såväl litografi som etsning. Han har utfört skulpturer i brons, färg och terrakotta och gjort åtskilliga monumentalmålningar.
Source: http://www.bukowskis.com

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Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1925
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1930, "Lithograph I
", Mourlot I
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1948
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1948, ”Personnage dans le Soleil” (Mourlot 61)
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1950
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1953, "La Main"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1954
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1954
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1957, "Femme au Miroir" (Cramer 36, Mourlot 174)
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1957, "La Naissance du Jour"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1958, "published by Maeght"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1958, "Le Prophète"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1958
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1959
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1959
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1963, "Le Faune"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1963, "Le Faune", Cramer 83, Mourlot 274
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1967, "Tête au Soleil Couchant"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1967, ”La petite Fille devant la Mère” (Dupin 435)
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1968, "L enfance d Ubu, pl. 13"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1968, "L enfance d Ubu, pl. 19"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1969, "La Femme des Sables" (Dupin 500)
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1969, "L´Iletre - Bleu" (Mourlot 551)
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1969, titled 'MIRÓ. 28/X/69 Femme
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1970
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1970, ”Les Perséides, pl. 3” (Mourlot 658)
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1970, ”Ma de Proverbis” (Mourlot 676)
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1971, "Homenatge a Joan Prats"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1971, ”Ubu aux Baléares” (Mourlot 773)
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1972, "Sobreteixims I Escultures"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1973, "Jardin au Claire de Lune" (Cramer 168, Mourlot 896)
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1974, "Les pénalités de l enfer"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1975, "Le Rat de Sables"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1975, "from Maravillas con Variationes Acrósticas en el Jardín de Miró", Cramer 211, Mourlot 1061
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1976, "Dans la Lueur Oblique"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1976, ”La Ruisselante Lunaire” (Mourlot 1101)
Signature by: MIRO, Joan 1979, "Miranda"
Signature by: MIRO, Joan "Le Petit Éscargot"