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Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

1817–1900, Armenia/Russia

Also known as: A, Aivazovski, Aivazowskij

Name: Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY
Birth: 1817, Armenia
Died: 1900

Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky was born in the family of a merchant of Armenian origin in the town of Feodosia, Crimea. His parents were under strained circumstances and he spent his childhood in poverty. With the help of people who had noticed the talented youth, he entered the Simpheropol gymnasium, and then the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts, where he took the landscape painting course and was especially interested in marine landscapes. In the autumn of 1836 Aivazovsky presented 5 marine pictures to the Academic exhibition, which were highly appreciated. In 1837, Aivazovsky received the Major Gold Medal for Calm in the Gulf of Finland (1836) and The Great Roads at Kronstadt (1836), which allowed him to go on a long study trip abroad. However the artist first went to the Crimea to perfect himself in his chosen genre by painting the sea and views of Crimean coastal towns.
During the period of 1840-1844 Aivazovsky, as a pensioner of the Academy of Arts, spent time in Italy, traveled to Germany, France, Spain, and Holland. He worked much and had many exhibitions, meeting everywhere with success. He painted a lot of marine landscapes, which became very popular in Italy: The Bay of Naples by Moonlight (1842), Seashore. Calm (1843), Malta. Valetto Harbour (1844). His works were highly appreciated by J.W.M. Turner, a prominent English landscape and marine painter. In the course of his work, Aivazovsky evolved his own method of depicting the motion of the sea – from memory, without preliminary sketches, limiting himself to rough pencil outlines. Aivazovsky’s phenomenal memory and romantic imagination allowed him to do all this with incomparable brilliance. The development of this new method reflected the spirit of the age, when the ever-increasing romantic tendencies put an artist\'s imagination to the front.
When in 1844 the artist returned to St. Petersburg, he was awarded the title of Academician, and became attached to the General Naval Headquarters. This allowed him to travel much with Russian fleet expeditions on different missions; he visited Turkey, Greece, Egypt, America. From 1846 to 1848 he painted several canvases with naval warfare as the subject; the pictures portrayed historical battles of the Russian Fleet The Battle of Chesme (1848), The Battle in the Chios Channel (1848), Meeting of the Brig Mercury with the Russian Squadron... (1848).
Towards the 1850s the romantic features in Aivazovsky’s work became increasingly pronounced. This can be seen quite clearly in one of his best and most famous paintings The Tenth Wave (1850) and also in Moonlit Night (1849), The Sea. Koktebel. (1853), Storm (1854) and others.
The process, which determined the development of Russian art in the second half of the 19th century, also affected Aivazovsky. A new and consistently realistic tendency appeared in his work, although the romantic features still remained.
The artist\'s greatest achievement of this period is The Black Sea (1881), a picture showing the nature of the sea, eternally alive, always in motion. Other important pictures of the late years are The Rainbow (1873), Shipwreck (1876), The Billow (1889), The Mary Caught in a Storm (1892).
Aivazovsky left more than 6000 pictures, which are of very different value. There are masterpieces and there are very timid works. He failed to draw landscapes, could not draw a man. Aivazovsky got good commissions and became rich. He spent much money for charity, especially for his native town, he opened in Feodosia the first School of Arts (in 1865), then the Art Gallery (in 1889). He was a member of Academies of Stuttgart, Florence, Rome and Amsterdam

Segelschiff Auf Hoher See Bei Mondschein by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Segelschiff Auf Hoher See Bei Mondschein

Price CHF 60,500 (€55,244)
Estimated CHF 25,000–30,000
Figure Near A Skiff And Sailboat In A Coastal Village At Sunset by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Figure Near A Skiff And Sailboat In A Coastal Village At Sunset (1839)

Price USD 15,600 (€14,476)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated USD 10,000–15,000
Storm At Sea by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Storm At Sea (1881)

Price EUR 318,032
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated EUR 200,000–250,000
Morning Mist By The Shore by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Morning Mist By The Shore

Price EUR 39,085
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated EUR 35,000–45,000
Moonlit Seaview by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Moonlit Seaview (1887)

Price EUR 40,306
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated EUR 30,000–40,000
Evening Light Over The Fort by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Evening Light Over The Fort (1848)

Price EUR 24,428
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated EUR 18,000–22,000
Costal Scene With Sunrise by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Costal Scene With Sunrise

Price EUR 21,985
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated EUR 18,000–22,000
Yalta From The Beach, Ayu Dag Behind by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Yalta From The Beach, Ayu Dag Behind (1881)

Price SEK 1,100,000 (€124,124)
Estimated SEK 800,000–1,200,000
Pushkin At The Waters Edge by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Pushkin At The Waters Edge (1886)

Price USD 1,613,250 (€1,247,510)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated
Capturing Of The Turkish Ship Mersina by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Capturing Of The Turkish Ship Mersina (1877)

Price EUR 185,653
Estimated EUR 200,000–250,000
Ships Near The Coast by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Ships Near The Coast (1886)

Price EUR 66,000
Estimated EUR 40,000–50,000
Sunset Over The Great Lavra - Mount Athos by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Sunset Over The Great Lavra - Mount Athos (1846)

Price SEK 7,000,000 (€773,430)
Estimated SEK 4,000,000–6,000,000
Shipping Off The Island Of Ischia by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Shipping Off The Island Of Ischia (1894)

Price SEK 2,450,000 (€275,503)
Estimated SEK 1,500,000–2,000,000
The Battle Of Bomarsund by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

The Battle Of Bomarsund (1858)

Price SEK 7,600,000 (€836,000)
Estimated SEK 5,000,000–6,000,000
Frigate Aurora by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Frigate Aurora (1837)

Price EUR 410,000
Estimated EUR 40,000–50,000
Stormy Waters by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Stormy Waters

Price EUR 8,000
Estimated EUR 8,000–10,000
The Turkish Military Ship Mersina In The Black Sea On 13 December 1877 by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

The Turkish Military Ship Mersina In The Black Sea On 13 December 1877 (Dec 1877)

Price EUR 0
Estimated EUR 275,000–350,000
A Ship Caught In The Storm by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

A Ship Caught In The Storm

Price EUR 50,000
Estimated EUR 45,000–55,000
After The Storm by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

After The Storm

Price EUR 50,000
Estimated EUR 50,000–60,000
Coastal Scene With Stormy Waters by Ivan Konstantinovich AIVAZOVSKY

Coastal Scene With Stormy Waters (1863)

Price EUR 72,000
Estimated EUR 50,000–60,000