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Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Ilya Efimovich REPIN

1844–1930, Ukraine/Finland/Russia

Also known as: IR

Name: Ilya Efimovich REPIN
Birth: 1844, Ukraine
Died: 1930, Finland

Ilya Efimovich Efimovich Repin Biography:

Ilya Efimovich Repin was born in the town of Chuguev near Kharkov in the heart of the historical region called Sloboda Ukraine. His parents were Russian military settlers. In 1866, after apprenticeship with a local icon painter named Bunakov and preliminary study of portrait painting, he went to Saint Petersburg and was shortly admitted to the Imperial Academy of Arts as a student. From 1873 to 1876 on the Academy's allowance, Repin sojourned in Italy and lived in Paris, where he was exposed to French Impressionist painting, which had a lasting effect upon his use of light and colour. Nevertheless, his style was to remain closer to that of the old European masters, especially Rembrandt, and he never became an impressionist himself. Throughout his career, he was drawn to the common people from whom he himself traced his origins, and he frequently painted country folk, both Ukrainian and Russian, though in later years he also painted members of the Imperial Russian elite, the intelligentsia, and the aristocracy, including Tsar Nicholas II.

The itinerants
In 1878, Repin joined the free-thinking "Association of Peredvizhniki Artists", generally called "the Wanderers" or "The Itinerants" in English, who, at about the time of Repin's arrival in the capital, rebelled against the academic formalism of the official Academy. His fame was established by his painting of the "Volga Barge Haulers", a work which portrayed the hard lot of these poor folk but which was not without hope for the youth of Russia. From 1882 he lived in Saint Petersburg but did visit his Ukrainian homeland and on occasion made tours abroad.

Historical and contemporary subjects
Beginning shortly before the assassination of Tsar Alexander II in 1881, he painted a series of pictures dealing with the theme of the Russian revolutionary movement: "Refusal to Confess", "Arrest of a Propagandist", "The Meeting", and "They did not Expect Him", the last of which is undoubtedly his masterpiece on the subject, mixing contrasting psychological moods and Russian and Ukrainian national motifs. His large-scale "Religious Procession in the Province of Kursk" is sometimes considered an archetype of the "Russian national style" displaying various social classes and the tensions among them set within the context of a traditional religious practice and united by a slow but relentless forward movement.
In 1885, Repin completed one of his most psychologically intense paintings, Ivan the Terrible and his Son. This canvas displayed a horrified Ivan embracing his dying son, whom he had just struck and mortally wounded in an uncontrolled fit of rage. The visage of terrified Ivan is in marked contrast with that of his calm, almost Christlike son.
One of Repin's most complex paintings, Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of the Ottoman Empire occupied many years of his life. He conceived this painting as a study in laughter, but also believed that it involved the ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity; in short, Cossack republicanism. Begun in the late 1870s, it was only completed in 1891, and, ironically, was immediately purchased by the Tsar. The Tsar paid 35,000 rubles for the painting, an enormous amount for that time.
During his maturity, Repin painted many of his most celebrated compatriots, including the novelist Leo Tolstoy, the scientist Dmitri Mendeleev, the imperial official Pobedonostsev, the composer Mussorgsky, the philanthropist Pavel Tretyakov, and the Ukrainian poet and painter, Taras Shevchenko.
In 1903, he was commissioned by the Russian government to paint his most grandiose design, a 400x877 cm canvas representing a ceremonial session of the State Council of Imperial Russia.

Later life
Repin himself designed his home Penaty (literally, "the Penates") or the Roman "Household Gods", located just to the north of Saint Petersburg in Kuokkala, Grand Duchy of Finland. After the 1917 October Revolution, Finland declared independence. He was invited by various Soviet institutions to come back to his homeland but refused the invitation giving the excuse that he was too old to make the journey. During this period, Repin devoted much time to painting religious subjects, though his treatment of these was usually innovative and not traditional. With the exception of a portrait of Provisional Government head, Alexander Kerensky, he never painted anything substantial on the subject of the 1917 revolutions or the Soviet experiment that followed. His last painting, a joyous and exuberant canvas called "The Hopak", was on a Ukrainian Cossack theme. In 1930, he died in Kuokkala, Finland. After the Continuation War Kuokkala was ceded to the Soviet Union and was renamed Repino (Leningrad Oblast). The Penates are part of the World Heritage Site Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments. In 1940, Penaty was opened for the public as a house museum. Alexander Glazunov's Oriental Rhapsody, Op. 29 (1889) is dedicated to Ilya Repin. (From Wikipedia)

Source: http://www.ilyarepin.org/biography.html

Учился в Рисовальной школе Общества поощрения художников у Р.К. Жуковского и И.Н. Крамского, затем в Академии художеств (1864-1871) в Петербурге. Член Товарищества передвижных художественных выставок (с 1878).
Работы художника находятся в ГТГ, ГРМ, во многих других музейных собраниях.

Source: http://sovcom.ru/index.php?category=painters&painterstype=painter&painter=781

Caricature Of The Artist by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Caricature Of The Artist (1868)

Price EUR 1,650
Estimated EUR 800
Scen From An Opera by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Scen From An Opera

Price EUR 900
Estimated EUR 500
The Pianist Gartewelt by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

The Pianist Gartewelt (1915)

Price EUR 700
Estimated EUR 500
A Sitting Cossack by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

A Sitting Cossack

Price SEK 22,000 (€2,376)
Estimated SEK 20,000–30,000
Portrait Of Isaak Brodsky's Sister by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Portrait Of Isaak Brodsky's Sister (1914)

Price EUR 116,300
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated EUR 50,000
Kiosk by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Kiosk (1874)

Price EUR 3,669
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated EUR 2,500–3,500
Portrait Of Natalia Maksimova by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Portrait Of Natalia Maksimova (1924)

Price GBP 133,875 (€156,442)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated GBP 40,000–60,000
A Young Girl At Prayer by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

A Young Girl At Prayer (1896)

Price GBP 18,750 (€21,911)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated GBP 20,000–30,000
Portrait Of Boris Alexandrovich Lazarevsky by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Portrait Of Boris Alexandrovich Lazarevsky (1915)

Price EUR 6,840
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated EUR 6,000–8,000
Volsk by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Volsk (1870)

Price EUR 5,252
Estimated EUR 500–800
Cape Of Good Hope by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Cape Of Good Hope (-23)

Price SEK 27,000 (€3,036)
Estimated SEK 20,000–25,000
Portrait Of Yelena Neratova by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Portrait Of Yelena Neratova (1906)

Price SEK 36,000 (€4,048)
Estimated SEK 20,000–25,000
View By Shiryaevo by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

View By Shiryaevo

Price SEK 28,000 (€3,149)
Estimated SEK 20,000–25,000
A Resting Wanderer by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

A Resting Wanderer (1888)

Price SEK 16,000 (€1,799)
Estimated SEK 6,000–8,000
Portrait Of The Writer Boris Aleksandrovich Lazarevsky by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Portrait Of The Writer Boris Aleksandrovich Lazarevsky (1906)

Price SEK 38,000 (€4,180)
Estimated SEK 30,000–40,000
Portrait Of Vera Repina, The First Wife Of The Artist by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Portrait Of Vera Repina, The First Wife Of The Artist

Price SEK 380,000 (€41,800)
Estimated SEK 200,000–250,000
Portrait Of Leo Tolstoi by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Portrait Of Leo Tolstoi

Price EUR 3,400
Estimated EUR 40,000–50,000
Repin's Godmother Marfa Vasilievna Radova by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Repin's Godmother Marfa Vasilievna Radova

Price EUR 1,600
Estimated EUR 2,000–3,000
Portrait Of A Woman by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Portrait Of A Woman (1874)

Price SEK 350,000 (€37,884)
Estimated SEK 350,000–400,000
Study For The Painting

Study For The Painting "hunting In The Old Days

Price EUR 5,000
Estimated EUR 5,000–7,000
Cossack, Mitrofan by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Cossack, Mitrofan (1880)

Price EUR 6,500
Estimated EUR 2,500
Kosackerna Skriver Ett Hånfullt Brev Till Sultanen, by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Kosackerna Skriver Ett Hånfullt Brev Till Sultanen,

Price SEK 21,000 (€2,123)
Estimated SEK 20,000
Portrait Of Trofim Petrovich Chaplygin. by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Portrait Of Trofim Petrovich Chaplygin. (1867)

Price SEK 36,000 (€3,442)
Estimated SEK 15,000–20,000
Portrait Of Nadia Polezhaeva by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Portrait Of Nadia Polezhaeva (1867)

Price SEK 29,000 (€2,772)
Estimated SEK 15,000–20,000
Portrait Of A Young Girl. by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Portrait Of A Young Girl. (1867)

Price SEK 30,000 (€2,868)
Estimated SEK 15,000–20,000
Porträtt Av Ung Man by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Porträtt Av Ung Man

Price SEK 20,000 (€1,913)
Estimated SEK 25,000–30,000
A Lush Landscape by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

A Lush Landscape

Price EUR 15,500
Estimated EUR 8,000–10,000
Volga Med Sandstränder by Ilya Efimovich REPIN

Volga Med Sandstränder

Price SEK 40,000 (€4,002)
Estimated SEK 20,000–30,000