Carl Fredrik HILL
1849–1911, Sweden

Name Carl Fredrik HILL
Birth 1849, 31/5, Sweden
Died 1911, 22/2, Sweden

Carl Fredrik Hill was a Swedish painter. Carl Fredrik Hill’s work has exercised a crucial impact on modern 20th-century art.

Born the son of a mathematics professor, Hill grew up in the narrowness of the university town of Lund in southern Sweden and had to strike out his career as a landscape painter against his father’s resistance. After studying at the Stockholm Academy of Fine Arts, he went to France where he became one of the most original Swedish landscape painters of his time. In the summer of 1874 Carl Fredrik Hill travelled to the village of Barbizon south of Paris, a Mecca for artists worldwide. Both the Barbizon School and Camille Corot had a decisive influence on him.

Hill\'s landscapes own a singular intensity. He has himself written: “I have become convinced that art has no other goal than truth, le vrai. Not the tritely naturalistic, but the true heart.\"
He sought his subjects at different sites in France, Monitigny, Champagne and Normandy. \"Ambition drives me to overexert myself and gives myself no peace\" he said. Yet, Hill’s endeavors were not crowned with official success; due to their radical tenor, his works were rejected when he presented them at the Paris Salons. When he had a severe psychotic attack and was hospitalized at the age of 28, his career as a landscape painter came to an untimely end. He was diagnosed with hallucinations and paranoia. Friends helped him get home to Sweden where he gained sanctuary at home after a short period in the St Lars mental hospital in Lund. There he was cared for by his mother and a sister for 28 years until his death in 1911.

For these years before his death Hill\'s creative work entered a new phase. As the Swedish art historian Ragnar Josephson calls it: “the second great period of his life as a painter”. His artistry continued unabated. During these years, he drew four drawings a day in a flow of imagination that has fascinated people ever since. \"The prince of whispers ... where the world glows in a blood-red struggle\" writes Gunnar Ekelöf in a poem to Hill.
The motifs for Hill\'s drawings in this period came from imagination and memory as well as from older art and illustrations. To Carl Fredrik Hill drawing was a way to take control of the new world which had now succeeded the old one. On the paper he created a world of his own. Drawing became a way to distract the evil forces that surrounded him constantly. He defended himself, using a pencil as his weapon.

That is what the artist wrote pathetically right across a stormy sky in one of the drawings from the time of his illness in Lund. Unfortunately Hill never lived to see his recognition as an artist.
Carl Fredrik Hill produced thousands of drawings in various techniques: crayon, pencil, ink, India ink and watercolour. Many have been lost. Some 3.500 drawings are still thought to exist, of which more than 2.000 are part of the collections of the Malmö Art Museum, as are 23 of his oil paintings, which belong to the most beautiful works of Swedish art history. Hill\'s varied subjects and styles over this period seem to have anticipated many modern movements and artists unknown to him, Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso among them. The largeest collection of all was donated to the Malmö Art Museum by Hill\'s heirs and have been increased with important gifts from private collections.
Carl Fredrik Hill’s drawings were discovered and admired by artists mainly. Thanks to the Swedish collector Rolf de Maré, Hill’s work become known in connection with the French avant-garde of the 1920s and 1930s. In 1949, a houndred years after Hill\'s birth, a travelling exhibition was shown in London, Luzern, Basel, Geneva and Hamburg. The exhibition was a great success and in 1952 the Tessin Institute in Paris published a book about Hill with an introduction by Jacques Lassaigne. Since then several works about Hill have appeared in Sweden, and Hill exhibition succeed one another both in Sweden and abroad. Hill is now reckoned as one of Sweden\'s best landscape painters. And it is especially interesting that the drawings done dúring the time he was ill in Lund have made him known outside Sweden as well.
Today his drawings continues to be a rich source of inspiration for both Swedish and international artists such as Arnulf Rainer, Günter Brus, Georg Baselitz, Per Kirkeby, Torsten Andersson, Ola Billgren, or Donald Baechler.
In retrospect, there is nothing wrong with Carl Fredrik Hill\'s success. But in the Lund Register of Deaths in 1911, he is listed as a \"former landscape painter\".

Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Carl Fredrik Hill blev egentligen riktig känd efter sin död. Efter några års studier på Konstakademien i Stockholm reser han till Frankrike där han fortsätter sin konstnärliga studier på egen hand. År 1878 drabbas han av ett psykiskt sammanbrott och vårdas på olika mentalsjukhus till 1883 då han flyttas tillbaka till barndomshemmet under vårdnad av modern och systern. Han avlider 1911 efter många års kreativitet i det tysta.
Carl Fredrik Hill var utan tvivel en av Sveriges mest mångfacetterade konstnärer. Både nationellt och internationellt söker han sin like vad gäller kraftfullhet och koloristisk mognad. Hans finstämda landskapsmålningar från tiden innan sjukdomsåren är väl jämförbara med Corots och teckningarna från sjukdomsåren är, snart hundra år efter hans död, fortfarande oöverträffade i sin pregnans och kompromisslöshet. Många är de konstnärer som låtit sig inspireras av detta myller av infall och denna sanslösa fantasi som ständigt letade sig till det mentala gränslandets sista utpost. Utom en del smärre landskap från Skåne har han företrädesvis målat franska motiv.

Nationalmuseum i Stockholm, Göteborgs konstmuseum, Valdemarsudde, Kulturen i Lund, Malmö Konstmuseum, med den stora Carl Fredrik Hill-Samlingen, samt i ett flertal privata samlingar.

”havsbris – Luc-sur-mer” by Carl Fredrik HILL

”havsbris – Luc-sur-mer” (Executed in 1876)

Price SEK 4,287,500 (€437,539) Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated SEK 4,000,000–5,000,000
Höstlandskap by Carl Fredrik HILL

Höstlandskap (Executed in 1876)

Price SEK 0 (€0) Not sold
Estimated SEK 500,000–600,000
I Bön Vid Templet by Carl Fredrik HILL

I Bön Vid Templet

Price SEK 150,000 (€16,556)
Estimated SEK 40,000–50,000
Havsbris – Luc-sur-mer by Carl Fredrik HILL

Havsbris – Luc-sur-mer (Executed in 1876)

Price SEK 3,500,000 (€402,150)
Estimated SEK 2,000,000–3,000,000
The Family - Variation I by Carl Fredrik HILL

The Family - Variation I

Price SEK 9,800,000 (€1,058,302) Incl. buyer's premium
Furuskog by Carl Fredrik HILL


Price SEK 24,000 (€2,708)
Estimated SEK 30,000–40,000
Blånande Berg by Carl Fredrik HILL

Blånande Berg

Price SEK 17,000 (€1,918)
Estimated SEK 20,000–25,000
Aftonstämning Med Vitklädd Figur by Carl Fredrik HILL

Aftonstämning Med Vitklädd Figur (-75)

Price SEK 800,000 (€90,272)
Estimated SEK 800,000–1,000,000
Marsklandskap by Carl Fredrik HILL

Marsklandskap (-76)

Price SEK 900,000 (€99,441)
Estimated SEK 1,200,000–1,500,000
Fartyg by Carl Fredrik HILL


Price SEK 28,000 (€3,094)
Estimated SEK 25,000–30,000
Vattenfall by Carl Fredrik HILL


Price SEK 44,000 (€4,862)
Estimated SEK 20,000–25,000
Motiv Fån Sydvestra Kusten by Carl Fredrik HILL

Motiv Fån Sydvestra Kusten (1866)

Price SEK 65,000 (€7,182)
Estimated SEK 70,000–80,000
Strandmotiv Från Luc-sur-mer by Carl Fredrik HILL

Strandmotiv Från Luc-sur-mer (Executed 1876)

Price SEK 3,000,000 (€324,000)
Estimated SEK 2,500,000–3,000,000
Självporträtt Från Sjukdomsperioden by Carl Fredrik HILL

Självporträtt Från Sjukdomsperioden (-73)

Price SEK 180,000 (€20,160)
Estimated SEK 150,000–175,000
Motiv Från Stenfors by Carl Fredrik HILL

Motiv Från Stenfors

Price SEK 11,000 (€1,232)
Estimated SEK 12,000–15,000
Loket by Carl Fredrik HILL


Price SEK 25,000 (€2,800)
Estimated SEK 15,000–18,000
Forêt De Fontainbleau by Carl Fredrik HILL

Forêt De Fontainbleau (Executed 1875 Jun)

Price SEK 3,900,000 (€436,800)
Estimated SEK 4,000,000–5,000,000
Ludvig Xiv by Carl Fredrik HILL

Ludvig Xiv

Price SEK 28,000 (€2,915)
Estimated SEK 30,000–40,000
Marin by Carl Fredrik HILL


Price SEK 290,000 (€30,134)
Estimated SEK 200,000–300,000
Kyrkan I Montigny by Carl Fredrik HILL

Kyrkan I Montigny (1876)

Price SEK 1,350,000 (€140,279)
Estimated SEK 1,500,000–2,000,000
Det Blommande Fruktträdet by Carl Fredrik HILL

Det Blommande Fruktträdet (1877)

Price SEK 9,200,000 (€955,972)
Estimated SEK 4,000,000–5,000,000
Tjur by Carl Fredrik HILL


Price SEK 152,000 (€15,794)
Estimated SEK 30,000–40,000
Figurkomposition Med Två Kvinnor by Carl Fredrik HILL

Figurkomposition Med Två Kvinnor

Price SEK 14,000 (€1,455)
Estimated SEK 20,000–30,000
Afton by Carl Fredrik HILL


Price SEK 6,900,000 (€659,985)
Estimated SEK 3,500,000–4,000,000
Strandade Valar by Carl Fredrik HILL

Strandade Valar

Price SEK 22,000 (€2,104)
Estimated SEK 25,000–30,000
Landskap Med Palmer by Carl Fredrik HILL

Landskap Med Palmer

Price SEK 37,000 (€3,539)
Estimated SEK 25,000–30,000
Landskap Med Träd Och Vatten by Carl Fredrik HILL

Landskap Med Träd Och Vatten

Price SEK 22,000 (€2,104)
Estimated SEK 25,000–30,000
Landskap Med Klippor Och Fors by Carl Fredrik HILL

Landskap Med Klippor Och Fors

Price SEK 16,000 (€1,530)
Estimated SEK 18,000–20,000
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