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Elsa BESKOW

Elsa BESKOW

1874–1953, Sweden

Also known as: EB, Maartman

Name Elsa BESKOW
Birth 1874, 11/2, Sweden
Died 1953, 30/6, Sweden

Swedish children's book writer and artist. Elsa Beskow was with John Bauer and Alice Tegnér one the founders of Swedish children's literature. She also illustrated some of Tegnér's works, including Mors lilla Olle (1903). Beskow's VILL DU LÄSÄ? (1935-37) was used in many schools as the first reader.
Elsa Beskow was born Elsa Maartman in Stockholm, the first daughter of Bernt Maartman, a businessman, and Augusta (Fahlstedt) Maartman, a teacher. In 1875 her father's business went bankrupt and the family moved to the Old Town and then to Östermalm in Stockholm. Beskow started to draw at an early age, deciding to become an artist. An especially important person for her was her grandmother, Johanna Wilhelmina, who told her fairy tales. At home her favorite writer was Zacharias Topelius. Johanna Wilhelmina died when Beskow was 13. This ended according to Beskow her "happy childhood." Bernt Maartman died of pneumonia in 1889. Augusta tried to support her family by opening a small shop, but she had to close it after two years.
In 1890 Beskow entered the Technical school with her sister Malin. Malin studied at the school for only a few years – she died of cancer in 1907, which was again a deep blow to the family. Beskow planned to continue at the Art Academy, but when this was not possible due to a shortage of money, she worked as an art teacher at the Whitlockska School from 1894 to 1897. In 1897 she married Natanael Beskow, an older art student, whom she had already met in 1892.
Before finally choosing the career of a teacher and theologian, Natanael had studied painting. He was a radical paficist and an advocate of women's right to vote. In 1901 the couple settled in Djursholm. Beskow's younges son Dag died in 1922 in an accident. Her fairly tale, 'Jon Blunds paraply,' which dealt with the loss, was not published until 1944 in Det hände en gång. Two years after his death she traveled to Palestine, at least to catch a glimpse of the paradise where she believed her son was. In the early 1930s Beskow went with her friend Signe von Kochin to the Mediterranean. Its sun and orange trees influenced her book Solägget (1932). After a deep depression she published Vill du läsa? (1935), in which she modernized Lisa from her illustrated fairy tale 'Lisas framtidsplaner' (1907). Beskow lived in Djursholm until her death in on Juni 30, 1953. Natanael Beskow died a few months later in October.

In 1894 Beskow started to contribute to the children's magazine Jultomten. Her first book, Sagan on det lilla, lilla gumman, came out in 1897. It depicted an unruly cat, who drinks all the milk from a bowl and is chased away by an old lady. "Och katten sprang till skogs och kom ALDRIG mer igen. Men kanske ändå att han kom hem till slut." The work was partly inspired by Walter Crane's and Kate Greenway's drawings. Crane was an advocate of the Jugend style and supporter of the slogan "art for people!" Beskow's breakthrough work was Puttes äfventyr i blåbärsskogen (1901, Peter’s Adventures in Blueberry Land).
In her books Beskow used her own childhood experiences as a source for ideas. Her own six children also inspired her work. Central themes were the relationships between children and adults and children's independent initiative. In Resan till landet Längesen (1923, The Land of Long Ago) children's imagination create a dragon from a fallen tree trunk. The pictures were large, with carefully studied details of nature and bourgeois small town life. Often Beskow combined reality with elements from the fairy tale world – ordinary children meet elves or goblins, ugly witches sulk on the street corners, and farm animals talk with people. The texts were written in verse or in prose.
Sometimes Beskow satirized manners, as in the poem about the foreign Mr. Tomato, who is envied by a local cucumber, admired by Miss Parsley, and imitated by small radishes. Beskow's most popular books include Tomtebobarnen (1910, Children of the Forest) and Peter och Lotta series (5 vols., 1918-47), the first of which was Tant Grön, Tant Brun och Tant Gredelin (1918, Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender). In this story the children meet the colorful sisters and their little black poodle, named Dot: "There was once a little town, and in that town there was a little street, and in that street there was a little yellow house, and in the little yellow house there lived three sisters – Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender." Pelles nya kläder (1912, Pelle’s New Suit) emphasized the importance of honest work. Its illustration showed the influence of National Romanticism – a style that inspired many Nordic artists from the 1890s, among them Carl Larsson. Röda bussen och gröna bilen (1952, The Red Bus and the Green Car) depicted adventures of an archetypical Swedish car, Volvo. Though nature and rural environment provided the settings for the majority of Beskow's stories, this book was for urban readers.
Elsa Beskow was born Elsa Maartman in Stockholm as the first daughter of Bernt Maartman, a businessman, and Augusta (Fahlstedt) Maartman, a teacher. In 1875 her father's business went bankrupt and the family moved to the Old Town and then to Östermalm in Stockholm. She started to draw at an early age, deciding to become an artist. An especially important person for her was her grandmother, Johanna Wilhelmina, who told her fairy tales. At home her favorite writer was Zacharias Topelius. Johanna Wilhelmina died when Beskow was 13. This ended according to Beskow her "happy childhood." Bernt Maartman died in 1889. Augusta tried to support her family by opening a small shop, but she had to close it after two years. In 1890 Beskow entered the Technical school with her sister Malin. Malin studied at the school for only a few years - she died of cancer in 1907, which was again a deep blow to the family. Beskow planned to continue at the Art Academy, but when this was not possible due to a shortage of money, she worked as an art teacher at the Whitlockska School from 1894 to 1897. In 1897 she married Natanael Beskow, an older art student, whom she had already met in 1892.

Natanael became a doctor of theology. He had studied painting before finally choosing the career of a teacher and theologian. In 1901 they settled in Djursholm. Beskow's son Dag died in 1922. Her fairly tale, 'Jon Blunds paraply', which dealt with the loss, was not published until 1944 in DET HÄNDE EN GÅNG. Two years after the death of Dag she traveled to Palestine, at least to catch a glimpse of the paradise where she believed her son was. In the early 1930s Beskow went with her friend Signe von Kochin to the Mediterranean. Its sun and orange trees influenced her book SOLÄGGET (1932). After a deep depression she published VILL DU LÄSA? (1935), in which she modernized Lisa from her illustrated fairy tale 'Lisas framtidsplaner' from 1907. Beskow lived in Djursholm until her death in on Juni 30, 1953. Natanael Beskow died a few months later in October.
In 1894 Beskow started to contribute to the children's magazine Jultomten. Her first book, SAGAN OM DET LILLA, LILLA GUMMAN, appeared in 1897. It depicted an unruly cat, who drinks all the milk from a bowl and is chased away by an old lady. "Och katten sprang till skogs och kom ALDRIG mer igen. Men kanske ändå att han kom hem till slut." The work was partly inspired by Walter Crane's drawings. Crane was an advocate of the Jugend style and supporter of the slogan "art for people!" Beskow's breakthrough work was PUTTES ÄFVENTYR I BLÅBÄRSSKOGEN (1901).
In her books Beskow used her own childhood experiences as a source for ideas. Her own six children also inspired her work. Central themes were the relationships between children and adults and children's independent initiative. The pictures were large, with carefully studied details of nature and bourgeois small town life. Often Beskow combined reality with elements from the fairy tale world - ordinary children meet elves or goblins, ugly witches sulk on the street corners, and farm animals talk with people. The texts were written in verse or in prose. Sometimes Beskow satirized manners, as in the poem about the foreign Mr. Tomato, who is envied by a local cucumber, admired by Miss Parsley, and imitated by small radishes. Beskow's most popular books included TOMTEBOBARNEN (1910), TANT GRÖN, TANT BRUN OCH TANT GREDELIN (1918), and PETTER OCH LOTTA series (5 vols., 1918-47). PELLES NYA KLÄDER (1912) emphasized the importance of honest work. Its illustration showed the influence of National Romanticism - a style that inspired many Nordic artists from the 1890s, among them Carl Larsson. RÖDA BUSSEN OCH GRÖNA BILEN (1952) depicted adventures of an archetypical Swedish car, Volvo.
In the 1960s and 1970s Beskow's work was considered by many critics old-fashioned. Her idyllic pictures, full of good-natured children, animals, brownies, and flowers, were seen to present false ideals. Also her gender roles were seen as too narrow: "the father is strong and brave, and the mother is obedient and loving" (from Tomtebobarnen). According to Gunvor Häkansson, Beskow satisfies authoritative ideals in the upbringing of children, but Astrid Lindgren represents more democratic principles. Beskow published some twenty books. Her works have been translated into many languages.
For further reading: Natanael och Elsa Beskow: Studier och minnesbilder (1954); Elsa Beskow by Stina Hammar (1958); Elsa Beskow och Astrid Lindgren by Gunvor Håkansson (1967); Studier kring Tant Grön, Tant Brun och Tant Gredelin by Per Bergman (1971); Samvetets politk. Natanael Beskow och hans omvärld intill 1921 by Öydind Sjöholm (1972); Natanael Beskow by Anja Wikström (1980); Elsa Beskow och hennes värld by Margareta Sjögren (1983); Vem är vem i svensk litteratur by Agneta & Lars Erik Blomqvist (1999); Solägget: Fantasi och verklighet in Elsa Beskow's konst by Stina Hammar (2002) - Other children's book illustrators and writers: Tove Jansson, Beatrix Potter, Richard Scarry - Natanael Beskow (1865-1953) theologian, educator, who also wrote several psalms. Among his works is Psalmer and andra dikter (1944). - Suomeksi Beskowilta on käännetty koko keskeinen tuotanto, mm. viisiosainen Petteri ja Lotta- sarja. Käännöksiä: Elsa Beskowin satuja: valikoima (1982); Ensimmäinen vuoteni (1985, Mitt första år); Herra Petterin talo (1984, Herr Peters hus); Lentoretki kaukaiseen maahan (1948), Minun päiväkirjani (1987, Dagbok); Petterin ja Lotan joulu (1975, Petters och Lottas jul); Pikku Matin marjamatka (1938);Täti Ruskean syntymäpäivä (1985, Tant Bruns födelsedag); Tätien sadut (1991)

Source: http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/beskow.htm

Författare, tecknare, målare och illustratör, Har givit ut populära barn och sagoböcker som hon tillika även illustrerat, oftast i akvarell. EB var dotter till affärsmannen Bernt Maartman 1841–1889 och Augusta Fahlstedt 1850–1915. Hon var gift med teologie doktor Fredrik Natanael Beskow och mor till konstnären Bo Beskow.
Familjen var bosatt i Djursholm i vars centrum numera ligger Elsa Beskows torg.
Representerad: Nationalmuseum i Stockholm.

Stilleben by Elsa BESKOW

Stilleben

Price SEK 3,000 (€323)
Estimated SEK 3,000
Småjäntorna Stå I Dörren - Vill Så Gärna Dansa by Elsa BESKOW

Småjäntorna Stå I Dörren - Vill Så Gärna Dansa (1903)

Price SEK 0 (€0) Not sold
Estimated SEK 30,000–40,000
Vill Du Läsa by Elsa BESKOW

Vill Du Läsa

Price SEK 10,000 (€1,125)
Estimated SEK 10,000–12,000
Fastlagsrisen. Ur

Fastlagsrisen. Ur "vill Du Läsa Ii", Sid 162, Bild 101

Price SEK 29,000 (€3,132)
Estimated SEK 25,000–30,000
I Djungeln. Ur

I Djungeln. Ur "vill Du Läsa Iii", Sid 9

Price SEK 44,000 (€4,752)
Estimated SEK 30,000–40,000
Vill Du Måla. Omslagsbild:

Vill Du Måla. Omslagsbild: "16 Bilder Att Måla Ritade Av Elsa Beskow"

Price SEK 28,000 (€3,024)
Estimated SEK 35,000–40,000
Tant Gredelin Som Lucia by Elsa BESKOW

Tant Gredelin Som Lucia (1948)

Price SEK 29,000 (€2,772)
Estimated SEK 8,000–10,000
Kort Därefter Närmade Sig Den Berömda Féen by Elsa BESKOW

Kort Därefter Närmade Sig Den Berömda Féen

Price SEK 1,000 (€89)
Estimated SEK 2,000–3,000