Jan The Younger WEENIX
Jan Weenix (164?, Amsterdam - buried September 19, 1719, Amsterdam ) was a Dutch painter. He was trained by his father, Jan Baptist Weenix, together with his cousin Melchior d\'Hondecoeter. Like his father, he devoted himself to a variety of subjects, but his fame is chiefly due to his paintings of dead game and of hunting scenes. Many pictures in this genre formerly ascribed to the elder Weenix are now generally considered to be the works of the son.
His date of birth is not exactly known. Also the year in which his father died is a puzzle. The family lived in a castle outside Utrecht, but his father died young and in poverty, after he went broke. Weenix was a member of the Utrecht guild of painters in 1664 and 1668. By the age of twenty Jan Weenix rivalled and then subsequently surpassed his father in breadth of treatment and richness of colour. In 1679 when Jan Weenix married Pieternella Backers he told the sheriff he was \"around thirty\"!
In 1697 he made a portrait of Peter the Great, visiting the Republic to study shipbuilding, science and the art of fortification building. At that time Jan Weenix was employed to decorate a private house near the Admiralty of Amsterdam. The mansion, on a canal with many rich Sefardim, with a view on the park and in to a long avenue, was owned by a Spanish merchant, involved in sugar plantations in South America. The five fixed paintings or wallpaper on canvas became very popular in the second half of the 18th century, when nature and Rousseau were fashionable and copied. The wallpaper survived in the house until 1921. Then the enormous \"paintings\" were sold by the nuns - who moved in - to William Randolph Hearst in a private arrangement. After Hearst went broke, the paintings have been dispersed; one is in the National Galleries of Scotland in Edinburgh, two are in Hotel Carlyle in New York, one is in the Allen Memorial Art Museum since 1953 and one is lost.
Between 1702 and 1712 Weenix was occupied with an important series of twelve large hunting pictures for the Elector Palatine Johann Wilhelm\'s castle of Bensberg, near Cologne. Also Eglon van der Neer, Rachel Ruysch, Adriaen van der Werff had a very good relation with the court, being paid well or knighted as ridder and most probably meeting an international crowd of artists and musicians. The treasury was empty when Jan Wellem, as he was called in Düsseldorf, died.
Most of this collection is now at the Munich Gallery, but the paintings of Van der Werff moved to the cellar. Also Jan Weenix seems to be forgotten, painting dead deer or hare. Jan Weenix, who at the end of his life lived in a house on the Amstel, was buried in a nearby church on Rokin.