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Henri MATISSE

Henri MATISSE

1869–1954, France

Also known as: HM

Name: Henri MATISSE
Birth: 1869, France
Died: 1954

Henri Matisse was born at Le Cateau-Cambrésis in the North of France on December 31, 1869. His parents, Emile Matisse and Héloise Gérars, had a general store selling household goods and seed. Henri planned on a legal career, and in 1887/88 studied law in Paris, in 1889 he was employed as a clerk in a solicitor’s office. It was in 1890 that he was first attracted to painting. Confined to his bed for nearly a year (1890) after an intestinal operation, he chose drawing as a pastime. Then the hobby took best of him and he decided for the painting career.
The long years of learning followed: in 1891 Matisse studied under Bouguereau at the Académie Julian, and in 1892 transferred unofficially to Gustave Moreau’s studio at the Ecole Beaux-Arts, where he met Marquet, at the same time attending the Ecole Nationale des Arts Décoratifs. In 1894 his daughter Marguerite was born, though Matisse did not marry the mother, Amélie Paraere, till 1898.
In 1896 he made a successful début at the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and a year later displayed there his large canvas La Desserte, which showed the influence of the Impressionists. After Moreau’s death in 1898, he studied briefly with Cormon, then left the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and entered the Académie Carrière where he met Derain and Puy and attended evening classes in sculpture. In 1899 his son Jean, and then, in 1900, his son Pierre were born. Financial difficulties made him to stay for some time with his parents.
During the period of 1899-1904 Matisse participated in a group exhibition at Berthe Weil’s Gallery (1902), painted townscapes with Marquet in Paris, spent the summer of 1904 working with Signac and Cross at Saint-Tropez, and in 1905-6 painted views of Collioure.
In 1905 and 1906 Matisse, his talent now fully developed, exhibited at the Salon d’Automne and the Salon des Indépendants together with Derain, Marquet, Vlaminck, Roauault and others and sparked off controversy. The group was ironically nicknamed “Les Fauves” (The Wild ones). At that time Matisse displayed a tendency towards monumental, decorative compositions. If in 1900 it was only to earn some money that he took on the task of painting a frieze for the World Fair at the Grand Palais in Paris, in 1907 he worked with enthusiasm on a ceramic triptych, Nymph and Satyr, for Osthaus’s mansion in Hagen, Westphalia. In 1908 Matisse painted the monumental canvas The Red Room; and in 1909-10 executed two large decorative panels, The Dance and The Music on commissions from the Moscow businessman S. Shchukin. Sculpture, too, began to occupy a significant place in Matisse’s artistic endeavor and was exhibited for the first time in 1912, in New York. At this time, Matisse set forth the theoretical basis for his art in his Notes d’un peintre (1908) and expounded his views on painting in the art school (the Atelier Matisse), which he had organized. But soon teaching began to weigh heavily on the artist, and he withdrew more and more frequently to Issy-des-Moulineaux.
In 1910 Matisse visited Munich to see an exhibition of Islamic art, in 1911 Seville, then Moscow on the invitation of S. Shchukin, and at the end of that year, Tangier, Morocco. From 1914 to 1918 he divided his time between Collioure, Paris and Nice. In 1918 a Matisse-and-Picasso exhibition opened at the Guillaume Gallery: it was to a certain extent indicative of the role of these two painters in contemporary art.
In 1920 Matisse designed the stage sets and costumes for S. Diaghilev’s ballet The Nightingale (to Stravinsky’s music) and in 1939 for Léonide Massine’s ballet Rouge et Noir (to the music of Shostakovich’s first Symphony). In 1931-33 he painted a large decorative composition, The Dance, for the Barnes Foundation in Merion, Pennsylvania; the same years he fulfilled etching illustrations for Mallarmé’s Poésies. In 1934-35 Matisse produced cartoons for carpets, based on James Joyce’s Ulysses.
During the Second World War Matisse lived in the south of France – Bordeaux, Ciboure, Nice. In 1941 he underwent a serious operation. Confined to bed for most of the ensuing period, he turned his attention to book design and illustrations. He designed and illustrated Henri de Montherlant’s Pasiiphaë in 1944, Baudelaire’s Les Fleurs du Mal, Mariana Alcoforado’s Lettres Portugaises and Reverdy’s Visages in 1946, and Ronsard’s Amours in 1948. His unique book Jazz, published in 1947, contained a facsimile reproduction of the text written in the artist’s own hand and illustrations executed in gouache after Matisse’s cut-outs.
It was only after the end of the war that Matisse turned anew to monumental compositions. He executed sketches for the stained-glass panel representing St. Dominique in the church at Assy (1948), the interior decoration for the Dominican chapel of Notre-Dame du Rosaire at Vence (1948-51), and sketches for the stained-glass panel Rose for the Uniate Church in New York (1954). In his last years he devoted a great deal of his time to cut-outs and brush drawings.
The Musée Matisse was opened in 1952 at Le Cateau-Cambrésisi, the birthplace of the artist. Matisse died on November 3, 1954 and was buried in the cemetery at Cimiez.

Source: http://www.abcgallery.com

Matisse är en av de främsta bland de tidiga modernisterna, och han arbetade med varierande uttrycksmedel och material, men var i huvudsak målare.
Matisse föddes i Le Cateau-Cambrésis men växte upp i Bohain-en-Vermandois i departementet Aisne. Han flyttade 1887 till Paris för att studera juridik. Under en tids sjukdom började han att måla, och 1891 inledde han studier i måleri på Académie Julian i Paris, där han bland annat studerade för Odilon Redon och Gustave Moreau.
I början var han mycket influerad och inspirerad av verk av konstnärerna Édouard Manet, Paul Signac och Paul Cézanne. Han blev snart ledare för de målare som kallas fauvister. 1901 deltog han i en utställning, och 1904 hade han sin första separatutställning. När han flyttade söderut till bland annat franska rivieran, träffade han André Derain och hans måleri utvecklades, det han då utförde är bland det bästa han gjort och verken från 1906-1917 räknas till hans förnämsta. Efter att ha bosatt sig i Nice 1921 blev hans konst mer dekorativ och lite mindre intensiv.
1941 fick han besked att han hade cancer, men trots att han blev rullstolsburen hindrades han inte från att arbeta med sin konst. Han var dock märkt av sjukdomen och det var vid denna tidpunkt han började arbeta med papper och collage, som även det, blivit ett signum för Matisse, tack vare hans känsla för färg och form.

Source: Art Signature Dictionary

Tête De Jeune Fill by Henri MATISSE

Tête De Jeune Fill

Price EUR 2,355
Estimated EUR 3,000
Figure Assise, Le Bras Droit Appuyé Sur Une Table by Henri MATISSE

Figure Assise, Le Bras Droit Appuyé Sur Une Table (1929)

Price EUR 4,375
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated EUR 4,000
Etudes Pour La Vierge Tête Voilée by Henri MATISSE

Etudes Pour La Vierge Tête Voilée

Price SEK 35,000 (€3,767)
Estimated SEK 40,000–50,000
Nu Assis, Fond Bleu by Henri MATISSE

Nu Assis, Fond Bleu (-36)

Price USD 5,429,000 (€4,336,470)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated USD 4,000,000–6,000,000
étude Pour La Nappe Liturgique De La Chapelle De Vence I by Henri MATISSE

étude Pour La Nappe Liturgique De La Chapelle De Vence I (1949)

Price SEK 25,000 (€2,723)
Estimated SEK 30,000–40,000
Figure Assise Sur Fond De Carreaux Fleuris by Henri MATISSE

Figure Assise Sur Fond De Carreaux Fleuris (Executed in 1929)

Price SEK 65,000 (€7,183)
Estimated SEK 60,000–80,000
Etudes Pour La Vierge - Tête Voilée by Henri MATISSE

Etudes Pour La Vierge - Tête Voilée (1951)

Price USD 9,300 (€6,755)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated USD 7,000–10,000
Portrait Of A Woman by Henri MATISSE

Portrait Of A Woman

Price USD 3,240 (€2,414)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated USD 200–300
Femme Auprès De La Fenêtre by Henri MATISSE

Femme Auprès De La Fenêtre (Executed in 1919)

Price USD 1,022,500 (€798,930)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated USD 600,000–900,000
La Tiaré by Henri MATISSE

La Tiaré (Conceived in 1930)

Price USD 842,500 (€658,287)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated USD 250,000–350,000
Etude Pour La France by Henri MATISSE

Etude Pour La France (1939)

Price USD 458,500 (€358,249)
Estimated USD 400,000–600,000
Matisse by Henri MATISSE

Matisse (1947)

Price SEK 108,375 (€12,615)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated SEK 30,000–40,000
Patitcha Souriante by Henri MATISSE

Patitcha Souriante (1947)

Price SEK 102,000 (€11,873)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated SEK 70,000–90,000
Odalisque Couchée by Henri MATISSE

Odalisque Couchée (1923)

Price SEK 71,400 (€8,311)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated SEK 30,000–40,000
Maison De La Pensée Francaise by Henri MATISSE

Maison De La Pensée Francaise (1950)

Price SEK 5,600 (€672)
Estimated SEK 5,000
Espagnole à La Mantille by Henri MATISSE

Espagnole à La Mantille (1925)

Price SEK 105,000 (€11,802)
Estimated SEK 60,000–80,000
Madame De Pompadour by Henri MATISSE

Madame De Pompadour (-51)

Price SEK 5,400 (€571)
Estimated SEK 8,000
Dix Danseuses: Danseuse Au Tabouret by Henri MATISSE

Dix Danseuses: Danseuse Au Tabouret (1925-26)

Price SEK 60,000 (€6,591)
Estimated SEK 50,000–60,000
Le Lagon (jazz, Pl. Xvii) by Henri MATISSE

Le Lagon (jazz, Pl. Xvii) (1947)

Price SEK 16,000 (€1,758)
Estimated SEK 20,000–25,000
Algue Blanc Sur Fond Rouge Et Vert by Henri MATISSE

Algue Blanc Sur Fond Rouge Et Vert

Price SEK 17,000 (€1,912)
Estimated SEK 15,000–20,000
Madame De Pompadour by Henri MATISSE

Madame De Pompadour (Executed 1951)

Price SEK 8,000 (€873)
Estimated SEK 10,000–12,000
Le Cow-boy (jazz, Pl. Xiv) by Henri MATISSE

Le Cow-boy (jazz, Pl. Xiv) (Executed 1947)

Price SEK 25,000 (€2,727)
Estimated SEK 30,000–40,000
Nu, Jambe Repliée - étude De Jambes by Henri MATISSE

Nu, Jambe Repliée - étude De Jambes (Executed 1925)

Price SEK 66,000 (€7,199)
Estimated SEK 70,000–80,000
Dix Danseuses: Danseuse Au Tabouret by Henri MATISSE

Dix Danseuses: Danseuse Au Tabouret (Executed 1925-26)

Price SEK 42,000 (€4,581)
Estimated SEK 50,000–60,000
Composition by Henri MATISSE

Composition

Price SEK 24,000 (€2,618)
Estimated SEK 4,000–5,000
Nu by Henri MATISSE

Nu

Price GBP 15,000 (€17,570)
Estimated GBP 8,000–12,000
Portrait De Femme by Henri MATISSE

Portrait De Femme

Price GBP 6,250 (€7,321)
Estimated GBP 5,000–7,000
Nu Assis Dans Un Fauteuil Au Décor Fleuri by Henri MATISSE

Nu Assis Dans Un Fauteuil Au Décor Fleuri (1924)

Price SEK 72,000 (€7,820)
Estimated SEK 60,000–70,000

La Cité - Notre-dame (1937)

Price SEK 2,000 (€209)
Estimated SEK 4,000–5,000
La Blouse Paysanne by Henri MATISSE

La Blouse Paysanne (ca 1950)

Price SEK 15,000 (€1,568)
Estimated SEK 15,000–18,000
Portrait De Claude B by Henri MATISSE

Portrait De Claude B

Price SEK 40,000 (€4,144)
Estimated SEK 40,000–60,000
Tête Voilée by Henri MATISSE

Tête Voilée

Price SEK 52,000 (€5,388)
Estimated SEK 50,000–75,000
Vierge à L'enfant Debout by Henri MATISSE

Vierge à L'enfant Debout (1949)

Price SEK 15,500 (€1,612)
Estimated SEK 8,000–10,000
Autoportrait De Trois-quarts by Henri MATISSE

Autoportrait De Trois-quarts (1948)

Price SEK 37,000 (€3,848)
Estimated SEK 35,000–40,000
Danseuse étendue Au Divan, Ur Dix Danseuses by Henri MATISSE

Danseuse étendue Au Divan, Ur Dix Danseuses (1925-26)

Price SEK 62,000 (€6,448)
Estimated SEK 60,000–70,000
The Sculptures Of...1953 by Henri MATISSE

The Sculptures Of...1953

Price SEK 700 (€71)
Estimated SEK 1,200
Nu Aux Jambes Croisées by Henri MATISSE

Nu Aux Jambes Croisées (1936)

Price GBP 3,793,250 (€4,350,099)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated GBP 2,500,000–4,000,000
Algue Rouge Sur Fond Bleu Ciel by Henri MATISSE

Algue Rouge Sur Fond Bleu Ciel (1952)

Price GBP 690,850 (€792,267)
Incl. buyer's premium
Estimated GBP 500,000–700,000
Efter, Nice Travail Et Joie by Henri MATISSE

Efter, Nice Travail Et Joie (1947)

Price SEK 1,500 (€144)
Estimated SEK 1,500
France-cöte D´azur, Nice, La Danseuse Creole by Henri MATISSE

France-cöte D´azur, Nice, La Danseuse Creole

Price SEK 500 (€48)
Estimated SEK 1,500
Jeune Femme Au Balcon, Observant Des Perruches by Henri MATISSE

Jeune Femme Au Balcon, Observant Des Perruches (1929)

Price SEK 80,000 (€7,432)
Estimated SEK 60,000–80,000
Madame De Pompadour by Henri MATISSE

Madame De Pompadour (1951)

Price SEK 24,000 (€2,230)
Estimated SEK 18,000–20,000